Hypnosis is a term introduced by James Braid (1795 - 1860). His interest was predominantly in anaesthetics. However the process of hypnosis is much older.
Two definitions of Cognitive Hypnotherapy appear below: -
“Hypnosis is a highly focussed attention on certain stimuli with
the simultaneous blocking of peripheral stimuli” (Dowd 2004). It is a similar
state to deep relaxation, imagery, meditation and prayer; but tends to be more
systematic, goal directed and formal than these.
“The term hypnosis is used to denote an interaction between two
people (or one person and a group) in which one of them, the hypnotist, by means
of verbal communication, encourages the other, the subject or subjects, to focus
their attention away from their immediate realities and concerns and on inner
experiences such as thoughts, feelings and imagery. The hypnotist further
attempts to create alterations in the subjects’ sensations, perceptions,
feelings thoughts and behaviour by directing them to imagine various events or
situations that, were they to occur in reality, would evoke the intended
changes” Harland (2002).
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